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Hmong Dog: The Most Comprehensive Guide for Lovers

Last updated on December 16th, 2023 at 01:49 pm

Have you ever heard of the Hmong Dog, one of Vietnam’s Four Great National Dogs? These furry creatures are considered valuable treasures not only by the Hmong people but also by those living in the Northwest Mountains of Vietnam. The good news is that they are gradually gaining popularity in the Delta region, with more and more people falling in love with them. However, since they are a relatively new breed, finding information about them can be a bit of a challenge.

If you’re interested in learning about the Hmong Dog, you’ve come to the right place! This post will give you the lowdown on this adorable pup. So sit tight and get ready to discover everything you need to know!


Asian origin:Vietnam
Height:48-54 cm (male), 46-52 cm (female)
Weight:18-26 kg (male), 16-24 kg (female)
Lifespan:15-20 years
Coat type:Double, thick, straight, hard
Colors:Black, brown, yellow, brindle (black stripes on a yellow background)
Temperament:Wary of strangers, protective of territory, loyal, calm, friendly with people
Suitable for:Large house with a big yard



Energy level:


Tendency to bark:

Shedding amount:


Hmong Dogs with short tails, known as the Hmong Bobtail Dog, are primarily found in the Northwestern mountainous regions of Vietnam. People in this region consider them to be very precious. In the past, they were raised for hunting, but nowadays, they’re more commonly used as guard dogs to protect their owners’ homes. They do an excellent job of it, too!

One of Vietnam’s four national pups is the Hmong Dog. The other three types are the Phu Quoc Ridgeback, the Bac Ha, and the Indochina Dingo. All of these canines are very important and valued by Vietnamese people.


hmong dog

The Vietnamese H’Mong Dog with a bobtail is a medium-sized breed with a muscular and robust body. They possess a wide skeleton and a large head, which are well-suited for living in mountainous and rocky terrain. These pups are also excellent at overcoming obstacles. When running, they move their front and rear legs almost parallel towards a straight line in the middle. They take short steps, with relatively short strides, and their hind legs don’t lift high.

The Hmong Dog’s large head makes them look intelligent, and they have good memory. When alert, their forehead wrinkles, but otherwise, it’s flat. The shorter their muzzle, the more purebred and obedient the pup is. Due to their hunting nature, they have sharp teeth, sharp noses, and always pricked ears to listen to their prey.


The purebred Hmong Dog has qualities such as agility, intelligence, enthusiasm, and high working ability. They also have a well-balanced and flexible nervous system with potent inhibition and agitation reflexes. The instinct to protect territory is their priority, followed by loyalty. These dogs only listen to the words of their single owner and would rather starve than eat dog food from anyone else.


It’s essential to give your Hmong Dog regular baths to keep them clean and healthy. After bathing, dry their fur thoroughly to prevent any bacteria from entering. During winter, you should wipe your dog down after a bath to prevent lung disease. Avoid letting them roll in the sand immediately after bathing.


If you plan to walk or run with the Hmong Dog in the mountains, there are several things you need to consider to keep them safe. Start by ensuring your dog is healthy and used to being at high altitudes. Gradually increase the difficulty of the activity to avoid injury. Bring enough water for both yourself and your furry friend, and be on the lookout for any signs of them being tired or uncomfortable. Adjust the activity if you notice any of these signs. 


hmong dog

Consistency is the key when training a Vietnamese Hmong Dog. Keep your commands clear and straightforward, and use positive reinforcement for good behavior. Be patient and understanding because dogs learn at different speeds. In addition, you should establish a structured routine to promote discipline and security. Address undesirable behavior promptly and redirect your dog’s attention to positive actions.

Many readers have loved learning how to train their dogs based on scientific methods from a free workshop conducted by Dr. Alexa Diaz (one of the top service dog trainers in the U.S.) and Eric Presnall (host of the hit Animal Planet TV show “Who Let the Dogs Out”) at the K9 Training Institute. In the free workshop, you’ll discover:

    1. How to train your dog using body language rather than verbal cues
    2. The 3 key techniques that service dog trainers use to train dogs and how you can use them too
    3. The most important step that “normal” dog owners have been missing (this is very important to get your dog’s attention, and it works 100% of the time)
    4. How to stop bad behaviors like excessive barking, pulling on the leash, jumping, etc.
    5. Why a lot of dog owners are unable to establish the amazing bond that service dog trainers have with their dogs


Whether your dog is a puppy or an adult, this pre-recorded workshop will help you train them successfully. You may not want to miss the chance to learn these groundbreaking techniques. Here’s the free workshop.


The Hmong Dog is one of the healthiest breeds out there. They rarely fall ill; even if they do, they bounce back quickly! However, like all living beings, they are not entirely immune to diseases. Some common health issues they may face include dermatitis, pneumonia, and helminths.


You must provide Hmong Dogs with a reasonable diet for their age. When young, these canines should eat cooked food and boiled water to avoid straining their digestive system. As they grow older, they can eat raw food to maintain a toned body. It’s recommended to feed them more meat than vegetables. Additionally, puppies should be dewormed during their first six months of life to maximize nutrient absorption in their bodies.

Living Condition

hmong dog

The Hmong Bobtail Dog is a suitable breed for housekeeping. They are not known to bark frequently, but they can be very aggressive towards strangers when their owner is absent. Instead of barking, they quietly approach and attack strangers.

3 Little-Known Facts About the Vietnamese Hmong Dog

1. Tail Length Determines the Price of Hmong Dogs

Are you curious about how much a Hmong Dog puppy costs? Well, it depends on the breed’s unique characteristic—their tail length! The shorter the tail, the more beautiful and expensive the puppy is considered to be. 

2. Tails Distinguish Three Hmong Dog Breeds

There are three types of dogs: Cộc tịt, Cộc thỏ, and Cộc lửng. Cộc tịt has almost no tail, which makes them easy to distinguish from other dogs. Cộc thỏ is named after the rabbit because their tail is similar to that of a rabbit, measuring only 3-5 centimeters. Cộc lửng has the longest tail, ranging from 8-15 centimeters.

3. They Are Loyal to One Person

These adorable pups only bond with one owner and will go out of their way to protect them from any harm. And if you’re lucky enough to be their owner, they’ll only eat food given by you—talk about a genuinely devoted companion, right?

Hmong Dog for Sale

hmong dog

It’s not easy to find a beautiful Hmong Dog. If you’re looking for one, start by choosing the breed, then get to know the origins of both parents, as this will determine the future of the dog and their offspring. Remember that buying and selling a purebred Hmong Dog can be very expensive. Their cost is so high that it’s often difficult to get one. These beautiful animals with good pedigrees are often even ordered before birth. You’ll need to have both money and luck to get your hands on this Vietnamese breed.

Becoming a dog parent is one of the most memorable moments of life. But before bringing your new best friend home, it’s vital to have all the right things to make sure the adoption is really smooth and makes them feel right. You may feel overwhelmed by tons of puppy products on sale and not sure what items your puppy actually needs. That’s why I’ve compiled this minimalist puppy checklist to help you get started.


Originally from the mountains of Vietnam, the Hmong Dog is an attractive medium-sized breed. But that’s not all. Their loyalty, protectiveness, and intelligence make them excellent guard dogs for homes and livestock. Plus, they’re pretty easy to care for, requiring only moderate exercise and grooming. If you’re looking for a furry companion that’s got your back, the Hmong Dog might be the perfect fit for you!


How Much Does a Hmong Dog Cost?

The price range for Hmong Dog puppies is between 3 and 10 million VND. Adult dogs, on the other hand, can cost anywhere from 10 to 100 million VND, depending on their purity, origin, agility, and intelligence.

What Is the Temperament of a Vietnamese Hmong Dog?

The Hmong Dog is known for their energy, hardworking nature, and unwavering loyalty. They are careful around unfamiliar people but also confident and assertive in their actions. Due to their natural hunting instincts and having been raised in the treacherous abyss of Northwest Vietnam, they have developed a good memory and can remember directions accurately. 

Where Are Hmong Dogs From?

The Hmong Dog comes from the mountainous provinces of Northern Vietnam. These canines are known for their resilience and ability to thrive in harsh natural environments. If you plan on getting a Hmong Dog as a family pet, make sure to create a comfortable living space for them and avoid keeping them in cramped and restrictive conditions. After all, this Vietnamese breed deserves all the love and care in the world!


  • https://vka.vn/bang-tieu-chuan-cho-hmong-coc-duoi/
  • https://www.petmart.vn/giong-cho-hmong-coc-duoi
  • https://www.bachhoaxanh.com/kinh-nghiem-hay/tim-hieu-ve-giong-cho-mong-coc-quoc-khuyen-cua-viet-nam-1343608
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hmong_bobtail_dog
About us: Pet Chao is a community for Asian dog breed enthusiasts. Our goal is to keep you and your four-legged friend healthy and happy by providing valuable resources and fostering a like-minded community.

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